Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly known as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, or death. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, and damage to the eyes. Wikipedia
Type 2 diabetes is a serious, incurable disease. However, you can reduce the risks of progression of this disease if you study certain lifestyle features. This will allow you to control your disease and blood sugar levels.
To achieve the best results in the process of controlling the disease, as well as blood sugar levels, doctors prescribe a course of treatment to patients, taking into account the following:
- Past diseases of the cardiovascular system, such as stroke, heart attack, heart failure.
- Chronic diseases of the renal system.
- Patient weight and ways of its controlling.
- Individual characteristics of the body of each patient.
- Changes in blood sugar levels over the past 3 months.
The course of Metformin is been prescribed in most cases of the treatment of type 2 diabetes unless there are contraindications for its use.
Features of different types of non-insulin preparations
There are several types of drugs, the course of which is prescribed in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Each of them has its characteristics:
- Sulphonylurea. This drug is characterized by low cost, the risk of low blood sugar and weight gain.
- Insulin sensitizer. This drug has a positive effect on the body of diabetes. The risk of low blood sugar is excluded when it is used. However, there is a possibility of weight gain.
- Glucagon-like peptide-1. This drug has several forms of release. Depending on this, the drug is used daily or weekly in the form of injections. This drug is prescribed to patients who have diseases of the cardiovascular system. It also does not cause weight gain. However, there is a risk of side effects such as diarrhoea and nausea.
- Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors. This drug is available in several versions. They are intended for daily use and are easily tolerated by the body. They do not have an aggressive effect on lowering blood sugar levels.
- Sodium-glucose transporter-2 inhibitors. This medicine is the latest development in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It helps lower blood sugar levels by excreting it through the urine. This drug is indicated for use for patients with heart disease.
Reasons why some patients are prescribed insulin exclusively.
The cause of type 2 diabetes in most patients is a combination of 2 problems:
- Impossibility of effective use of insulin by the human body.
- Insufficient insulin production by the human body.
It is in such cases that patients are prescribed a course of insulin drugs. This helps to compensate for insulin deficiency in the human body and reduce blood sugar levels.
Influence of lifestyle on the course of type 2 diabetes
Doctors note that lifestyle is the main factor influencing the course of type 2 diabetes. No course of treatment can bring a positive effect if you do not lead a proper lifestyle.
Patients who follow a diet, adhere to proper nutrition and perform moderate physical activity daily are able to achieve a decrease in blood sugar levels without the use of strong medications.
In some cases, patients, leading a correct lifestyle, may be cancelled course of insulin. However, this decision is made exclusively by the doctor.
Symptoms indicating the ineffectiveness of treatment
Sugar levels will continue to rise if treatment is ineffective. Symptoms that indicate this:
- Frequent urination.
- Dry mouth.
- Poor eyesight.
- Severe weight loss.
It should be remembered that if you notice the manifestation of the above symptoms, it may signal an increase in blood sugar levels. You should see a doctor for research and tests.